Different Types of Wedding Dress Fabrics

Ever wondered what gave wedding gowns their exquisite look? Apart from the all-white ensemble, bridal gowns also use fabrics that are unique. Each component of a gown is usually made with a different fabric that adds depth, elegance and detail to the overall wedding dress.

It is always useful to have some knowledge about the different fabrics that are available in the market. Whether you are buying your dress off the rack or having them custom-made, know your fabric. Let’s find out what they are below.


 A delicate and sheer fabric, Batiste is soft and lightweight but slightly thicker than cotton. Due to its look, this fabric is often used on dresses for a vintage or Victorian look.


This thick jacquard-woven fabric is one of the heavier fabrics.  There are elaborate designs interwoven into it which create a raised texture. Brocades give an exquisite look and a rich feel to gowns. Traditionally it was more popular for marriages in the cooler months.


Although not quite as lustrous as satin, Charmeuse has a beautiful, soft sheen. It is light and drapes nicely. It is also one of the most comfortable fabrics to wear. Pure Charmeuse is expensive and requires a great amount of care. A less-glossy cotton Charmeuse is an affordable alternative.


Chiffon wedding dresses are ideal for warmer weather due to its lightness. It is sheer, has a matte finish and is soft to touch. Chiffon is often layered over skirts to give wedding dresses more depth and weight. They drape very well, and are also used to form delicate sheer sleeves.


Used mainly as an overlay for opaque fabrics, this fabric is an open weave fabric with holes patterned into it. Lace is also used on sleeves and on the necklines. Although it is generally used as an elegant embellishment on dresses and veils, it can also be used to design a full wedding dress.


Organza is often found in veils, skirts, sleeves and as overlays. It is crisp and translucent and the addition of it creates depth to the piece. This wedding gown fabric adds romance and elegance to any dress.


This heavy material has an extreme shine that no other materials can match, making it a popular fabric in wedding dresses. Its smoothness also makes it look and feel luxurious. As real satin is costly, there are far more affordable blends of it available.

Duchesse Satin

A negative aspect of satin is its ability to wrinkle very easily. Duchesse satin is a silk and rayon hybrid, which has a less tendency to wrinkle. It is also lighter and stiffer, making it drape well while still preserving its shape. Duchesse satin is a common fabric for full and A-line skirts.

Silk Georgette

With a texture similar to crepe, silk georgette often replaces chiffon. It is slightly heavier and more opaque, giving it the ability to soften the silhouette of a dress. The grainy lightweight fabric is used in creating sheer sleeves, bodices and backs.

Silk Shantung

Most defined by its rubbed texture, this fabric makes an elegant and shimmery wedding dress. It is medium-weight and is perfect for ‘ruched’ bodices or full skirts. Shantung is also durable and stain-resistant.


A swooshing sound is heard when this tightly-woven and crisp material rubs against itself. Taffeta’s stiffness makes it an excellent choice of material for structured wedding gowns.


For a playful, romantic touch or a dramatic look, tulle is used for gowns the same way ballerinas wear tutus. Its delicate mesh netting has almost no weight. It is also perfect for wedding veils.


Velvet is the perfect embodiment of luxury and grace. Its use in wedding gowns is a fairly new trend, but typically, cut velvet is woven into the dress to decorate it. The fabric’s softness and thickness also make it popular in winter weddings.

Knowing the material is very important when looking for the right wedding dress. The fabric should compliment and accent the dress design and cuts.  Bear in mind that each material creates a unique look and feel in your bridal gown, plus it can set the fashion tone and mood for your Big Day!


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